Westward expansion before the civil war 5th grade


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Reasons for Westward Expansion

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View all Money Worksheets. Click the button below to get instant access to these worksheets for use in the classroom or at a home. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members! To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup it only takes a minute and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!To the extent possible under law, National Archives Education Team has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to " Reasons for Westward Expansion ".

Created by the National Archives. Bookmark this Activity in My Activities:. Copy this Activity to My Activities for editing:. Students will examine a variety of documents that reference reasons why Americans living in the East migrated west of the Mississippi immediately before, during, and right after the Civil War.

Documents cover the mining industry, new inventions used on the Plains, the growth of the railroad, the Homestead Act, and the Cattle Kingdom.

Suggested Teaching Instructions Objectives Students will analyze primary sources to uncover reasons for expansion, and learn how motivations changed over time.

For grades Approximate time needed is 45 minutes. Instructions This activity can be used to introduce a unit on westward expansion. Alternatively, this activity can be completed gradually by a full class over the course of a unit, or used as a review at the end of a unit.

Begin by asking the class to hypothesize why Americans may have wanted to move west in the middle of the 19th century. Discuss general reasons that humans leave one place to move to another, as well as the particular cultural and political climate of the United States during this era. Ideas may be recorded for later reference. Open the sequencing activity as a class. Look at a couple of the documents more closely.

Ask students if anyone can identify and explain any of the documents they see without further examination. Choose one of the documents used in this activity to model document analysis. Ask them to work as a full class, in small groups, or individually for more advanced students, to put the documents in the ios 13 dialer pro apk chronological sequence according to their creation dates.

Students can continue their study of westward expansion by completing a companion activity contrasting the experience of Western settlers with the experience of Native Americans in the West. For more information about the featured documents, follow the links below.

Documents in this activity "Deadwood in Follow us on Twitter:. Follow us on Facebook:. Please enter a valid email address. Share this site:.The political stature of Virginia declined on the national stage when no successors of ability emerged to replace the Founding Fathers.

At the same time, exhausted soil brought agricultural failures. Bytobacco production had depleted the soil of eastern Virginia. Artists and writers saw a melancholy beauty in the ruins and worn land. Farmers, however, saw instead good reason to pack up and head west. At the same time, farmers in the Shenandoah Valley and Piedmont produced an abundance of corn and wheat, enabling Virginia to remain the leading agricultural state in the South.

Evidence of the agricultural rebirth there was seen in the prosperity of market towns, where local produce was sold and where planters purchased goods. In the rising generation of Virginians, only John Randolph possessed exceptional talent, but he was feared, not admired.

The state had lost power in Congress because of population shifts. He negotiated treaties with multiple tribes of Indians in which they conveyed title to fifty million acres of land.

Harrison defeated the Shawnee chief Tecumseh in at the battle of Tippecanoe and recaptured Detroit from the British during the War ofwinning military fame that eventually earned him the presidency. In an effort to regain that lost territory, Black Hawk joined British-supported forces during the War of Inthe Sauk and Fox tribes were removed west of the Mississippi River. From Iowa, Black Hawk led incursions back into the Illinois region. Defeated, Black Hawk was one of several Indians carried east.

He met President Andrew Jackson, became something of a curiosity, and was briefly incarcerated in Virginia at Fort Monroe. He first served as a Virginia legislator and governor, a U. Inhe opposed secession but then served in the Confederate government. Born in Orange County, Virginia, Taylor was the son of a Revolutionary War officer who was granted land in present-day Kentucky, where the family moved.

Taylor was a southerner and slaveholder who opposed the expansion of slavery. He died only sixteen months into his presidency, possibly from gastroenteritis viral infection. Some blamed farmers for failing to rotate crops, rest fields, and fertilize.

Others faulted the absence of a system to transport and market crops. To many, the slave force was unproductive, and import tariffs benefited the northern factory owner at the expense of southern farmers. Kentucky and Illinois——first as Virginia counties and later as states——also beckoned, along with Indiana and Missouri.

Ohio attracted the most Virginians. Thousands of slaves were taken to Mississippi and Alabama. Virginians later emigrated to Texas and California. Included in the westward migration were hundreds of thousands of enslaved African-Virginians.

The magnitude of their passage affected the settlement of the continent. In the exhausted tobacco fields of eastern Virginia, slave labor was unprofitable. But slavery brought prosperity in the Deep South, where cotton, which replaced wool as the staple for clothes, could be grown successfully with slave labor.

The agricultural decline of the Tidewater bypassed the Shenandoah Valley——a landscape of mostly flat, fertile terrain with few rivers.

Its slave population never was large. The region was populated by Virginians of English descent moving westward, joined by Germans and Scots-Irish migrating from Pennsylvania.

As Thomas Jefferson had advocated, they established smaller-sized farms in clusters around small market towns, not large urban centers. The German presence in the Shenandoah Valley was visible because many there spoke and wrote only German. A printing industry emerged to reach those settlers. The Germans proved to be particularly industrious and self-sufficient, proficient not only as farmers but also in making utilitarian ironwork and pottery marked by its artistry.The most effective way to secure a freer America with more opportunity for all is through engaging, educating, and empowering our youth.

And the most effective way to achieve that is through investing in The Bill of Rights Institute. We contribute to teachers and students by providing valuable resources, tools, and experiences that promote civic engagement through a historical framework. You can be a part of this exciting work by making a donation to The Bill of Rights Institute today! Make your investment into the leaders of tomorrow through the Bill of Rights Institute today! Learn more about the different ways you can partner with the Bill of Rights Institute.

The Bill of Rights Institute engages, educates, and empowers individuals with a passion for the freedom and opportunity that exist in a free society. Was Manifest Destiny a natural outcome of American economic, political, and ideological trends supporting western expansion, or was it an example of American imperialism driven by land hunger, cultural superiority, and racism?

Read the two arguments in response to the question, paying close attention to the supporting evidence and reasoning used for each.

westward expansion after the civil war

Then, complete the comparison questions that follow. Note that the arguments in this essay are not the personal views of the scholars but are illustrative of larger historical debates. InNew York editor John L. In so doing, the Irish American editor pointed to God, to history, to geography, to race, to demographics, and to economics as being the sources for the impulse for the United States to expand into new territories.

And he was right.

Text Set Grade 5: Westward Expansion

Although American expansionism had many negative consequences, the positive good that resulted far outweighed the costs of the United States not taking the western half of the continent. Manifest Destiny was the idea that the United States had a clear national purpose to spread across the continent of North America, carrying the ideas of liberty, equality, and democracy into new territory that would provide homes and livelihoods for its rapidly growing population.

One important factor was religion; Americans were Christians and believed that God had a plan for their nation, a belief underscored by the Second Great Awakening that swept so much of the country. They saw taking new lands as their God-given right and often quoted scripture to support such notions, comparing themselves with the Hebrews who had taken the Promised Land in the Old Testament. Another factor in the push for expansion was history.

Americans pointed back to their ancestors and to the Founders for inspiration. They constructed a narrative of the past that traced expansion back to the colonies of Jamestown and Plymouth—some went even further back, pointing to European events. In so doing, they saw themselves as part of the inevitable march of history. This included the triumph of the American Revolution, which secured liberty and equality and established a democratic republic. Their forefathers had fought for powerful truths and principles and the new generation had to spread those ideas.

Americans saw themselves as young and growing and that growth meant territorial expansion. Belief is something difficult to prove to those who do not have faith, but many Americans had—and continue to have—a firm view that God has chosen the United States for a divine purpose in history.

Without the United States and its stand for liberty, equality, and democracy—however flawed those ideas have been in their application at different times—those sacred principles might very well have disappeared on a global scale.

Geography was another piece of the national destiny.Toggle navigation. Westward Expansion Facts Former U.

In the Louisiana Purchase took place, doubling the size of the country. By almost 7 million Americans had migrated westward in hopes of securing land and being prosperous. The belief that settlers were destined to expand to the west is often referred to as Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny was used to justify the war with Mexico in the s which resulted in the acquisition of one million square miles of land previously owned by Mexico, enlarging the U.

Many of the pioneers who settled the west became cash croppers and grew marketable products. It included the land west of the Mississippi. The Native Americans were removed from their lands during westward expansion, and were forced onto reserves. The Homestead Act provided free land to many people who wanted to move westward. The Homestead Act became law in Abraham Lincoln signed shabd paheli answer into law. The act provided acres of unoccupied land to settlers if they improved the land and lived there for five years.

Land rushes, similar to races, often occurred when land was opened up for settlement. People would race off to stake their land claim, sometimes as many as 50, people at a time.

Some of the people trying to stake land claims would sneak ahead and hide until the land rush began. Then they would stake their land.

These people were nicknamed 'Sooners'. The Gold Rush in California brought even more people to the west. There was little law enforcement and government in the 'wild west'. It was during this time that many gunslingers made names for themselves including Jesse James and Wild Bill Hickok.

Robot or human?

By the U. Only 4 more states had yet to join the United States lower From toduring westward expansion, the population of the United States increased from approximately 5 million to 76 million. The Transcontinental Telegraph was iccid number checker in keeping the lines of communication open between the east and west during westward expansion.

The Transcontinental Railroad was an important method of transporting supplies and people across the country during westward expansion. The South wanted to expand slavery into the North during westward expansion but the North did not want slavery to be legal. The battle over slavery helped to spark the Civil War.

Many did not want slavery in the North over fears that plantation owners would soon own too much land and have too much control in general over the North like they did in the South. One of the most famous book series and eventual TV series Little House on the Prairie was about a family of homesteaders - the Ingalls.

The author's name was Laura Ingalls Wilder. In the book her father claimed land in Kansas. The Homesteading Act still existed in the U. The Louisiana Purchase cost the U.Question 8: Using specific evidence from one or more countries in the region, assess to what.

The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed residents of Kansas to determine whether the state would be slave or free, sparked a violent struggle between proslavery and antislavery factions, both of whom flooded into the territory hoping to gain enough votes for their side to triumph.

American president Abraham Lincoln declared in his inaugural address that he would use force to maintain possession of Federal property and the war began with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter on April 12, The north could not have farms because the soil was rocky and the climate was mostly cold.

We are also seeing a rise in USHC Even so, the crises of the past decade had created incompatible mindsets on opposite sides of the Atlantic. Explain why BOTH of those changes took place. The student is expected to: B A explain reasons for the involvement of Texas in the Civil War such as states Assess the relative importance of long and short term causes of the First World War.

The Civil War began after several states seceded from the Union in late and early The reason they wanted to succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional conflict between the two. Many conflicts after first emerged as groups sought to achieve independence for areas under colonial rule. Slavery was the underlying cause of the American Civil War.

The most significant thing about the American frontier is, that it lies at the hither edge of free land. The impact of the Civil War on the United States role in the world. Hours were 9 a. The addition of new land from Mexico raised the question that would dominate American politics during the s: whether slavery would be permitted in the western territories. South Carolina played a key role in events that occurred before, during, and after the Civil War; and those events, in turn, greatly affected the cloudlinux 507 insufficient storage. The causes of westward expansion were the purchase of the Louisiana territory from France, the Lewis and Clark expedition, President Thomas Jefferson's vision of expanding into the available land to create an "empire of liberty" and a growing sense of American "manifest destiny.

However, as the compromises appeared to Historians have long debated whether there was ever a chance of Confederate victory in the American Civil War. Eventually, bymost of the Northern states abolished slavery institution, but the invention of cotton gin in increased the use of slaves in the South and the slavery became very important for the South.

Evaluate the relative importance of imperialism, the arms race and the failure of diplomacy in causing the First World War. For the period beforeanalyze the ways in which Britain's policy of salutary neglect influenced the Date: Beauregard leads the attack against Robert Anderson. From tomany African Americans gained freedom from slavery, yet during the same period the institution of slavery expanded.

In the census reports it is treated as the margin of that settlement which has a density of two or more to the square mile.

The Civil The Internal Revenue Act eased inflation primarily by placing excise taxes on many luxury items such as tobacco and jewelry. The period saw the end of the agrarian myth of a pastoral America in the face of rapid industrialisation, especially in the North, and the closing of the Frontier in However, social and political factors were more important.

CKHG Unit Westward Expansion Before the Civil War. Grade 5History and Geography. Focus: This unit (Unit 10 for schools using the CKHG series in Sequence.

Student Reader: Westward Expansion Before the Civil War. Grade 5History and Geography. CKHG Student Readers offer engagingly written and richly illustrated. Grades · Subjects · Resource Types · Teaching Strategies · Duration · Tags · More Resources Like This · Help For Teaching. Start studying 5th Grade Westward Expansion Before the Civil War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

cvnn.eu: WESTWARD EXPANSION BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR, PUPIL EDITION, 6 PACK, GRADE 5 (Core Knowledge): Core Knowledge Programs: Books. cvnn.eu: WESTWARD EXPANSION BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR, PUPIL EDITION, GRADE 5 (History & Geography) () by Core Knowledge Programs and a great. of the Mississippi immediately before, during, and right after the Civil War. This activity can be used to introduce a unit on westward expansion. History Bundle 1: Civil War, Westward Expansion, A Close Reading Passage for UPPER ELEMENTARY Before you check out this passage on.

This game will test your visual knowledge of American history. There are seven sections to the game, five of which cover historical eras until the Civil War. Students in 5th grade social studies can easily enhance their knowledge of the westward expansion following the Civil War with help from this. century led to westward expansion and economic development.

maps show the boom in canal building that lasted until the Civil War. Interactive Notebook Bundle -Westward Expansion AND Civil War American History - Civil War and more: 4th - 5th Grade Social Studies.

European Arrival. The arrival of Europeans on the continent had an impact on the Midwest long before permanent settlers came. French and English colonies along. Westward Expansion before the Civil WarDRAFT. 5th grade. times. Social Studies, History. 81%average accuracy.

8 months ago. christieherndon. Play this game to review Social Studies. Why was it hard for people to travel in America in the early 's? Elementary Subjects Center. Series No. FIFTH-GRADERS' IDEAS ABOUT THE. WESTWARD EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES. PRIOR TO THE CIVIL WAR, EXPRESSED BEFORE. Before the American Civil War (–65), the idea of Manifest Destiny was used to validate continental acquisitions in the Oregon Country, Texas.

The United States' militant westward expansion in the 19th century profound affected led to the collapse of American democracy and a mikrotik api nulled civil war.

westward expansion of the pre-Civil War United States was affected by The Center for the Learning and Teaching of Elementary Subjects is. 5th Grade-Westward Expansion Before the Civil War-Test Content Copyright © Core Knowledge Foundation. Technology Copyright © Arbordale.