R u152 surnames

This blog posting, prepared by Dr Maarten Larmuseau, describes how a study of surnames led to genetic proof for a 16th century migration of French Catholics to Flanders.

The work demonstrates, among other things, the fluidity in movement of the population of Flanders in medieval times. Flanders suffered a serious population decline between and as a result of war, disease, and emigration to Holland, England, Scotland, Germany, and other countries.

Religious and economic uncertainties were the main drivers for these migrations. Many Flemish families had turned to Protestantism and after the so-called Iconoclastic Fury — or the Beeldenstorm in the Dutch language see figure 1 — and the Fall of Antwerp in they were forced by the governor of the Netherlands, Alexander Farnese, to leave Catholic Flanders. The Iconoclastic Fury describes a phase that involved the destruction of Catholic religious images. In some regions, the estimations even point to a decline of two thirds.

Once thriving towns, villages, and homesteads felt the impact of this depopulation. As a consequence, many northern French Catholic families left for Flanders to repopulate this region. Archival documents dating back to this period have been found in which priests complain of their inability to communicate with large numbers of new parishioners who only spoke a French dialect.

After a few generations, these families seem to have been completely integrated. During the Council of Trent — the Church decided to keep record of baptisms, marriages, and burials in parish registers, but it was not until the early s that these registers were introduced in the Low Countries. As a result there is very limited genealogical data available for the period covering the migration. Chinese sex tv app the other hand, surnames transmitted from father to son have been in use since the 13th and 14th centuries in Flanders and northern France.

The many French surnames in Flanders, whether or not transmuted to a Flemish variant e. Or can genetics provide additional proof? Thanks to the genetic genealogical project organised by Familiekunde Vlaanderen the Flemish Family History organisation and the KU Leuven University of Leuvengenealogical data and DNA of more than 1, Flemish men have so dirilis ertugrul season 4 urdu episode 15 been collected and analysed.

This project is of great scientific importance in tracing the genetic roots of the Flemish population, in observing regional differences within Flanders, and in identifying the genetic history of the medieval migrations. The Y-chromosomal results are also of interest for genealogists in identifying relationships between participants and in providing data that can verify and complement family trees.

Extensive genealogical and archival research permitted an accurate selection of suitable candidates to support the genetic work on the northern French migration to Flanders at the end of the 16th century.

The selection consisted of Flemish men possessing an authentic Flemish surname and 50 with a French Roman surname. The oldest reported paternal ancestor in all the families with a French surname lived in present day Flanders, but the surname was not present in Flanders before The Y chromosome for all selected men was investigated. It is the human sex-determining chromosome and is transmitted from father to son — just like family names.

After having been genotyped on the Y chromosome, the individuals were allocated to different evolutionary lineages the so-called haplogroups. A statistically significant difference exists between the Flemish men with an authentic Flemish surname and the Flemish men with a French surname.

Also, there was a difference between the Flemish men with an authentic Flemish surname and the two groups of Northern Frenchmen Figure 2. However, no significant difference exists between the Flemish men with a French surname and the two groups of Northern Frenchmen. From this, we were able to conclude that a migration that occurred more than four hundred years ago from Northern France to Flanders left traceable genetic marks on the Y chromosome in the current Flemish population. This study yielded several findings of scientific importance.

First of all, it proves that genealogical research combined with Y chromosomal analysis can contribute to the reconstruction of historical events. The observed differences in Y chromosomal haplogroup frequencies between Flanders and the adjacent northern France shows the potential to detect genetic signals of historical events.

Lastly, the research offers genetic proof that the surname can provide information on past migrations that a family participated in even when no genealogical information can be found for the time when the surname has come into existence.Here are some of the tasks that I think need to be done.

I'll be working on them, and could use your help. Please post a comment here on this page, in G2G using the project tag, or send me a private message. This is an attempt to summarize some of the Y-DNA genetic tests performed by individuals with the Gardner surname and it's variations and to tie them to individuals with profiles in WikiTree.

The goal is to match the different Gardner lines with their "founder" haplogroup and subclade. Tree development and testing individual's Y-DNA are ongoing processes so anyone with interest in Gardner families and genetic genealogy are welcome to expand or contribute to this page.

The Gardner Surname Project has contributions as of April Unfortunately, this didn't provide enough genetic information to be useful. The Gardner Surname Project results are provided in a table with individual results grouped together by the administrators using matching STRs. Many of the tests have too few STRs to be useful or lack information about the earliest known ancestor.

As more people get tested and existing tests get upgraded more data will become available. Rob Spencer, a scientist and genealogist, has put together some useful tools for analyzing Y-DNA data directly from the project tables and made them available on his website Tracking Back. The clustering and dendogram generator that helps to visualize the relationships of the many individual testers. Check the images for both the circular and linear forms of the dendogram performed with the Gardner Surname Project data.

From: International Society of Genetic Genealogy. This DNA can be tested to determine both haplotype and haplogroup of the individual. Genetic Genealogy : The tracing of human lineage within the time frame of historical records through DNA testing and comparison of haplotypes. Genealogical Time Frame : A time frame within the last up to years since the adoption of surnames and written family records. An individual's haplotype is useful within this time frame and is compared to others to help identify branches within a family.

Haplogroup : A population descended from a common ancestor, as evidenced by specific SNP mutations. Haplogroups are not cultural groups, although a haplogroup can be strongly represented by a cultural population such as American Indians. The Y Chromosome Consortium YCC has assigned hierarchical alphanumeric labels, which can be presented graphically in the form of a phylogenetic or haplogroup tree see below.

Haplogroup Tree : A diagram showing evolutionary lineages of organisms. See also Phylogenetic Tree.

Supplementary Information (doc 172K)

Haplotype : Broadly, the complete set of results obtained from multiple markers located on a single chromosome. Non-paternity event NPE : is a term used in genetic genealogy to describe any event which has caused a break in the link between an hereditary surname and the Y-chromosome resulting in a son using a different surname from that of his biological father. The definition excludes minor changes in the spelling of the surname, and is implicitly limited to events after the relevant branch of the surname became hereditary.

Typically the repeat motif is less than six 6 base pairs long. By counting the repeats, one gets an allele value which is given in an individual's haplotype.

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism SNP which is pronounced 'snip' : Variation in the nucleotide allele at a certain nucleotide position in the human genome. When the change occurs it is called a polymorphism, and polymorphisms accumulate over time. A polymorphism can be very common found in a lowrance totalscan transducer ebay fraction of global or localized populations or very rare found in a single individual.Phone: 43 13 Personal guidance Phone: 43 13 91 info igenea.

Surname projects Click on a letter to see all surname projects beginning with this letter. B a o ugh a n This is a study of the Baughan surname and its many spelling variants, ie.

Babb The Babb s Surname project's goal is to find links between the various Babb lin Baber-Babers To link every person who has the name Baber, Babers or a direct variation thereo Bach to Back Back The project has so far proved that 1 Back male and 1 Buck were not related.

Badman Determining the origins of the Badman surname Baez The Baez Family Project is open to all who are interested in working together to We encourage you to join t Baggett The Baggett Family Project is open to all who are interested in working together Bagwell All Bagwells or any reasonable spelling variation i.

Bagley are welcome to j DNA of Bahr families in Germany We hope to attr Baker We are a group of over researchers trying to find who connects to whom. Balbi We welcome all Balbis who wish to participate in this project at the Family Tree We encourage you to Baldwin Scope: all Baldwin and variant surnames, with special interest in lines of Thoma This family is primarily a Scottish one.The Isle of Man is only small in physical size square miles and its population relative to its neighbours has always been small also.

Until the 19 th century the majority of the population worked on the land or sea and lived in, or close to, the countryside. Any movement of the population was largely limited to farmers seeking new farmland to rent or people marrying someone from another parish.

In this rural community it was common for marriages to take place between neighbouring families and, over the centuries, many of them ended up related to each other in some way or another, within a parish or surrounds.

The result of this is that the community of the Isle of Man has always been closely-knit and everyone tended to know or know of their near family relatives. Anyone researching their own Manx family history today will find that fact out quickly and see the same range of other Manx surnames marrying into their own ancestral family.

Those people living on the Isle of Man, whose families have lived there since the last years or so, are identified by their range of unique family names. In early times individuals were originally only known by their single or personal names. Such personal names were often nicknames or descriptive e. The patronymic system meant that individuals could be identified by using the name of their father as well as their personal name e.

Cormac MacNeill or Cormac son of Neill. Over a period of time these family names, most of them unique to the island and formed there, started to be adopted permanently and passed down from father to son unchanged. This occurred from around AD onwards. Today there are about hereditary surnames still surviving in use on the island that are the present day forms of the original Gaelic names originally used years ago.

We can see from the records that a number of these early unique Manx surnames are no longer carried and have fallen out of use. This study has been in progress since and over men possessing some 80 Manx family names have been tested so far. For these 80 surnames, testing has identified and classified the ancestral male Y-DNA signature for each family. Evidence from the study indicates that the majority of the indigenous Manx families represented are all each descended each from one single male patriarch for that family.

Thus they can be described as possessing a single genetic origin and this is the picture that would be expected to be seen for such small families possessing surnames which occur with a low frequency overall.

Testing and analysis has indicated that there are just a small handful of families who show multiple genetic origins at the moment.This is the style in which your Celtic 70th great grandfather lived.

This website organizes research I have done into the Shattocke ancestral family, including such name variants as Shattock, Shattuck, Shaddick, Shaddock, Shadduck and so on. It includes research on our genetic cousins the Parrishs and Byars, who formed a branch of our family about AD. This " Ancient Origin " page explores the family's deep history, all the way back to 23, years ago.

The " Sccm process Heritage " page picks up the story at the end of the medieval period, using the genealogical record of our family in Somerset and Devon in England. The " Diaspora " page describes the emigration of a major portion of the family to the British colonies due to economic, political and religious upheaveals in the 17th to 20th centuries. The " Famous " page chronicles the intersection of our ancestors with history in people and places.

You can explore the main branches of the worldwide family tree under the " Branches " menu. You may be interested in participating in our DNA research. Read about my privacy policy here. Contact me. Use the search function at the top of the page to find a specific reference. Note: When I am referring to the entire family I will use "Shattocke or Shattock" as a generic reference to all the different spellings of the name found in the records, principally Shattock, Shattuck, Shaddock, Shaddick, and Shadduck.

Useful Links

Below is a visual snapshot of the state of the research to date. Click on the tree to enlarge it. The graphic shows our descent from our common ancestor Y who was born about AD. The diagram shows how we branched from two sons or grandsons of our common ancestor in subsequent centuries. I am assuming they branched from the Milverton Shattocks common ancestor.

We are a wandering tribe that in a very ancient time came out of Africa and can be found 23, years ago in the vast, treeless Eurasian Pontic steppes stretching from the northern shores of the Black Sea as far east as the Caspian Sea.

Around years ago our ancestors migrated to central Europe.

Y-DNA and My Paternal Haplogroup

The German Rhineland seems to be a key location in our ancestry. We eventually migrated to England.If you have read previous posts in this blog, you will have seen that I frequently predict the emergence of new genetic families.

Farrell and its variants is likely to be a multi-origin surname that sprung up at various times in disparate locations throughout Ireland and maybe even in Scotland and England.

And as more people test and join the project, some of the project members who are currently in the Ungrouped section will suddenly find that they have a new match, a genetic cousin, and they are no longer "all alone in the world" but rather have connected with genetic family. There follows a case in point, where two individuals tested recently, to see if they were indeed related as their paper trails suggested. And the results came back positive. They are related. And not only that, but they are also related to other members in the Ungrouped section.

Vita Brevis

All four of them have started a whole new genetic family, the first for And we will call this new family: R1b-GF6. Basic information. Kit Number ending: - Background: His family folklore and Census data research says that his great-grandfather was born about in Longford, Ireland, and came to the US in about There are Census records that suggest this, but there is some uncertainty about their being the correct ones.

This new member was contacted by another Farrell see below who thought that they might have a common great grandfather. Both men did the Y-DNA test to resolve this question. Here is the Farrell pedigree of the present individual: 1 Daniel Joseph Farrell b. This is a relatively close match rather than a very close match, and raises a question about the closeness of their relationship. Are they really second cousins or is the relationship further back than that third, fourth or fifth cousins?

Nevertheless, the Y-DNA results confirm that they are closely related to each other and this match sees the birth of an entirely new genetic family within the project.

Second cousins would share about 3. The Family Finder test would be able to give a better probability of the closeness of their relationship than the Y-DNA test. Interestingly, this new member's next closest matches within the project are two men called Frawley kits and B This could be a chance finding, or it could indicate that these two additional individuals could also be part of this new genetic family.

This is explored further below. The other big clue to this persons ancestral origins is the terminal SNPs of his matches. So it looks like this particular Farrell line goes back to the ancient tribe of the Dal Cais. They may even have fought at the battle of Clontarf in ! As more people join this Farrell group and do SNP testing, we should be able to clarify this interesting association. This is discussed below. Farrell born c, died in Kilmallock, Co.

Pedigree: 1 Peter Patrick? Born abtBefore the Norman Conquest of Britain, people did not have hereditary surnames: they were known just by a personal name or nickname. After AD, the Norman barons introduced surnames into England and the practice gradually spread.

Initially, the identifying names were changed or dropped at will but eventually they began to stick and to get passed on, so trades, nicknames, places of origin, and fathers' names became fixed surnames. By most English families and those of Lowland Scotland had adopted the use of hereditary surnames. Surnames deriving from a place are probably the oldest and most common. They can be derived from numerous sources - county, town or estate - or from features in the landscape - hill, wood, meadow, brook, lake.

Many of these names and their derivation are obvious, others less so. The names Pickering, Bedford, Berkley and Hampshire might have been the names of estates on which the individuals worked and lived. If a person migrated elsewhere, their former place name would be a convenient way to distinguish them from others with the same first name. The translation of de from French is of liveleak beaten with bat English. So George de Mileham literally meant George of Mileham - which indeed was, and is, a village in Norfolk.

Like all surnames, the MILAM surname was passed on from father to son, father to son over centuries like the male Y chromosome. The human genome link has 23 pairs of chromosomes linkone half contributed by the mother's egg ova and one half contributed by the father's sperm.

Since the mother has two X chromosomes, she always contributes an X. Since the father has an X and a Y chromosome, he may contribute either which determines a child's gender. Since only males have the Y-chromosome, only men and their Y-DNA test results can be utilized in genealogical surname research. To make things more complicated, during the development of a sperm or an ova each member of a chromosome pair swaps genetic segments re-combines with the other including to a limited extent the X and Y chromosomes.

Fortunately, there is a large portion of the Y chromosome which never recombines - the non-recombining portion - and this is the part which is analyzed in genetic Y-DNA testing. The chromosomes from the nucleus of a dividing human cell look like this:. Each chromosome is made up of DNA strands tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.

Richard Rocca (ZZ48 subclades). Steve Gilbert (Z subclades). Tibor Fehér (ZZ45/Z36). R-U+L2+BY+ ; 4, Miller, 4 ; 5, Patton, 0 ; 6, Rabai, 2 ; 7, Stampa, 1 ; 8, Stauffer, 1. html), with the exception of the substructuring within A, R1b1b2a1 (R-U) and R1b1b2a2g (R-U). Also, a set of recently characterized Y-SNPs. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. Follow. R-U (Y-DNA). The Gosteli surname is typically linked to the Haplogroup R-U (also known as Haplogroup R1b-S28), a R1b branch typically found throughout much of Western.

This line's surname is very common in the North-West, however there are no from the North-West, but my paternal line is on the R-Z56 branch of R-U one with a native Irish surname and documented ancestry to Ireland has yet tested positive for R-U As the new data continued to “fit the.

The patrilineal Y-chromosome and surname correlation for DNA kinship research. R-U*. L2. R-L2*. L R-L M R-M*. M R-M R1b. R. PDF | Patrilineal heritable surnames are widely used to select autochthonous participants with % in AFS and % in FRS; and R1b1b2a2g (R-U). R1b-U>Z56>Z>CTS Cecchinelli (surname found in Latium, Tuscany, Liguria and Lombardy) => possibly from Caecinus, an Etruscan gens. When pairs are randomly chosen from the population, isonymy, I is defined as: I = 4Fr = ∑xi2 where Fr is the random component of the inbreeding.

The origin of surnames may explain why Englishmen with a MILAM surname are of R>R1b>M>U>L2>Z>L20>CTS> S>BY>BY and BY Overall, the four most frequent subhaplogroups were: R1b1b2a1 (R-U) with In the French surname group, however, frequencies of R-U and R-U Surnames of the Corca Laoidhe, O'Hullachain (O'Nolan), O'Cobhthaigh N2F3B, O'Hagan at DYS #a and b at 11 and 17 has tested R-U monophyletic surnames for each of the 96 Italian provinces.

most frequent haplogroups in Italy are R-U* (%), G-P Key: Blue balloons are R-U*, L2+, L20+ or status unknown. Purple balloons from Ireland have "Colonial" surnames and hence a different. Group #3's haplogroup is known as R1b-S28 (U) on Eupedia. Leask Group #1 STRs test R1b1a2a1a1a4; R-L48 using FTDNA terminology. Lydia3 Cushman, William Harlow (III), R-P>ZZ11>U>L2>DF>FGC>BY Family Tree DNA does not have a Wiswall surname DNA Project.